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Use the information provided on this site as an educational resource for determining your options and making your
own informed choices. It is not intended as medical advice or to diagnose, prescribe, or treat any specific illness.
Toys, Products, and Ideas
for Sensory Education
|What is Fine Motor Development?
Fine motor is the developmental area that involves skills which require the coordination of the small
muscles of the body, including those of the hands and face. Examples of fine motor skills include stacking
small blocks, picking up small objects between thumb and finger, stringing beads, tracking an object with
the eyes, smiling, using the toes to wriggle into sand or the lips and tongue to taste and feel objects.
Teaching fine motor skills requires patience and understanding. Fine motor skills won't develop
over-night, but with time and practice. All fine motor activities are built upon four important skills. They
are: Grasping objects, reaching out to objects, releasing objects deliberately, and turning the wrist in
What is Gross Motor Development?
Gross motor is the developmental area for the movement of the large muscles of the body, movement
involving the arm, leg, or feet muscles or the entire body. These muscles are needed to carry out
day-to-day activities in and around the play area and school, like running and jumping. Gross motor
activities include walking, running, throwing, lifting, kicking, etc. These skills also relate to body
awareness, reaction speed, balance and strength. Gross motor development gives your child the ability to
move in variety of ways, the ability to control their body and helps promote your child's self-esteem.
Gross motor and fine motor skills develop in tandem because many activities depend on the co-ordination
of both sorts of skills.
See our Strategies page or Garden Therapy page for ideas as well as our Developmental Toys for ages 0-3.